Health : About High blood pressure (hypertension)

                                                                     

What is Hypertension 
High blood pressure (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated  Blood pressure is determined both by the amount of blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance to blood flow in your arteries. 

The more blood your heart pumps and the narrower your arteries, the higher your blood pressure.

What are are the Causes of Hypertension
For most adult the cause is unidentifiable this type of hypertension is called Primary Hypertension
Some Underlying conditions can cause Hypertension (Secondary Hypertension)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Kidney problems
  • Adrenal gland tumors
  • Thyroid problems
  • Certain defects in blood vessels you're born with (congenital)
  • Certain medications, such as birth control pills, cold remedies, decongestants, over-the-counter pain relievers and some prescription drugs
  • Illegal drugs, such as cocaine and amphetamines
  • Alcohol abuse or chronic alcohol use

Lifestyle  Remedies that can help Control and Prevent Blood Pressure

Decrease your Salt in Diet
Maintain a healthy Weight
Limit Alcohol
Don't smoke
Manage Stress
Control Blood pressure During Pregnancy
Increase Physical activity


When to see a doctor


You'll likely have your blood pressure taken as part of a routine doctor's appointment.
Ask your doctor for a blood pressure reading at least every two years starting at age 18. If you're age 40 or older, or you're age 18-39 with a high risk of high blood pressure, ask your doctor for a blood pressure reading every year. Blood pressure generally should be checked in both arms to determine if there is a difference. It's important to use an appropriate-sized arm cuff. Your doctor will likely recommend more frequent readings if you've already been diagnosed with high blood pressure or have other risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Children age 3 and older will usually have blood pressure measured as a part of their yearly checkups.
If you don't regularly see your doctor, you may be able to get a free blood pressure screening at a health resource fair or other locations in your community. You can also find machines in some stores that will measure your blood pressure for free.
Public blood pressure machines, such as those found in pharmacies, may provide helpful information about your blood pressure, but they may have some limitations. The accuracy of these machines depends on several factors, such as a correct cuff size and proper use of the machines. Ask your doctor for advice on using public blood pressure machines.
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